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Ethics and governance for digital disease surveillance

ethics and governance for digital disease surveillance

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Digital epidemiology—the use of data generated outside the public health system for disease surveillance—has been in use for more than a quarter century [see supplementary materials (SM)]. But several countries have taken digital epidemiology to the next level in responding to COVID-19. Focusing on core public health functions of case detection, contact tracing, and isolation and quarantine, we explore ethical concerns raised by digital technologies and new data sources in public health surveillance during epidemics. For example, some have voiced concern that trust and participation in such approaches may be unevenly distributed across society; others have raised privacy concerns. Yet counterbalancing such concerns is the argument that “sometimes it is unethical not to use available data” (1); some trade-offs may be not only ethically justifiable but ethically obligatory. The question is not whether to use new data sources—such as cellphones, wearables, video surveillance, social media, internet searches and news, and crowd-sourced symptom self-reports—but how.Innovations Against COVID-19Some efforts involve escalations of existing techniques of digital epidemiology—for example, using cellphone signals and social media data to map the spread of the virus—whereas other, more innovative initiatives focus on implementing public health measures such as isolation …

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Surveillance video shows events leading up to George Floyd’s arrest; Park Police releases bodycam video

surveillance video shows events leading up to george floyd’s arrest; park police releases bodycam video

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After Floyd is put into handcuffs, the officer walks him over to the sidewalk and over to the building nearby. Floyd’s back is placed against the wall, and Floyd is sat down.

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The officer who walked Floyd over to the wall starts questioning him while a second squad car pulls up to the scene. The officer then pulls Floyd’s arm to get him on his feet and a second officer takes hold of his other arm to walk him across the street.

In the video, Floyd can be seen talking with the officers, but he does not appear to struggle as they walk him over to the squad car parked across the street. At the very end of the video, the door to the squad car across the street opens up, although it is difficult to see whether the officers are trying to load Floyd in the vehicle.

A viral video later surfaced showing a white officer, who was identified as Derek Chauvin, kneeling on Floyd’s neck while Floyd pleaded, “Please, please, I can’t breathe.” …

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House Pulls Surveillance Measure After Trump Tells Republicans to Vote No

house pulls surveillance measure after trump tells republicans to vote no

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House Democratic leaders on Thursday withdrew legislation that would revive expired F.B.I. tools to investigate terrorism and espionage and add privacy protections for Americans, after a fragile bipartisan compromise on the bill collapsed following an abrupt repudiation by President Trump.The retreat left uncertain the fate of efforts to overhaul national-security surveillance while extending three partly expired tools that federal law enforcement officials use in such cases. Just days ago, the bill had appeared poised to become law, after initial approval by both the House and Senate.But support for the measure among Republicans collapsed after Mr. Trump intervened to urge them to reject it, and progressives then said they could not support the bill without greater privacy protections. With votes bleeding from both flanks, House leaders delayed a vote late Wednesday and then called if off altogether on Thursday rather than let it fail.Speaker Nancy Pelosi, who had spent much of the last 24 hours trying to salvage the bill, said the House would instead initiate negotiations with the Senate to bridge their differences before attempting to clear the bill for Mr. Trump’s signature.“Clearly, because House Republicans have prioritized politics over our national security, we …

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Government surveillance bill withdrawn in U.S. House

government surveillance bill withdrawn in u.s. house

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Thursday, May 28, 2020 10:09 a.m. EDT

by Thomson Reuters

FILE PHOTO: View of the U.S. Capitol Building ahead of a series of votes in the House of Representatives, on Capitol Hill in Washington, U.S

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The U.S. House of Representatives is dropping consideration of legislation that would have extended U.S. surveillance tools, the chamber’s number two Democrat said on Thursday, after President Donald Trump threatened a veto and his fellow Republicans withdrew their support for the bill.
“The two-thirds of the Republican party that voted for this bill in March have indicated they are going to vote against it now,” Representative Steny Hoyer said in a statement on Thursday, after a vote on the measure was unexpectedly postponed late on Wednesday.

(Reporting by Patricia Zengerle; Editing by Chizu Nomiyama)

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Swift Biosciences Enables COVID-19 Surveillance with NGS of Low Titer SARS-CoV-2 Specimens

Information Access and Management (IAM) Platform powers IAM Network - 60,000 + engaged information professionals worldwide.

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ANN ARBOR, Mich., May 28, 2020 /PRNewswire/ — Swift Biosciences, Inc., a leader in commercialization of DNA and RNA library preparation kits for Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS), has announced the release

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George Floyd death: Surveillance footage shows moments leading up to Floyd’s arrest – Republic World

george floyd death: surveillance footage shows moments leading up to floyd’s arrest – republic world

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The video that captured Minneapolis officer Derek Chauvin strangling George Floyd with his knee went viral on social media on Tuesday. The viral footage prompted massive protests across the United States, which once again shed light on the prevailing racism in the country. On Wednesday, multiple publications released the footage from surveillance cameras, which shows the events leading up to George Floyd’s arrest and subsequent deaths.

Also Read | Steph Curry Shares His Anger And Frustration On Brutal George Floyd Death

George Floyd death: George Floyd surveillance cameras footage

The footage, which was procured by ABC News, is from a south Minneapolis restaurant that highlights the proceedings which led to Floyd’s arrest before he was pinned down by the police officer. It was reportedly taken from Dragon Wok at 38th Street and Chicago Avenue that showed two police officers approach a parked SUV, who then spoke to the people inside the vehicle. Floyd, who was sitting in the driver’s seat, was then taken into custody. 

George Floyd was seen in all-black, wearing a sleeveless t-shirt. The 46-year-old was handcuffed by one of the officers before he was walked to the sidewalk by two officers. Floyd was then placed back first against …

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Home trading triggers bank ‘black hole’ surveillance alerts

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LONDON (Reuters) – Potential breaches of market rules have spiked since traders began working from home in March, drawing scrutiny from regulators and piling pressure on banks to plug “black holes” in surveillance systems, industry officials say. FILE PHOTO: A nearly empty Oculus transportation hub in lower Manhattan is seen during the outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in New York City, New York, U.S., May 21, 2020. REUTERS/Mike Segar/File PhotoWith banks unable to check in person on the behavior of traders working remotely, they have to rely on machines that flag any apparent bad behavior or suspicious transactions made under the unusual coronavirus crisis working conditions. “In your kitchen or spare bedroom there is no colleague to monitor what you are up to and what we are seeing across a number of clients is a spike in escalations,” said Erkin Adylov, CEO of Behavox, whose software is by banks, hedge funds and asset managers in New York, London and Asia to monitor staff. Behavox has seen an 18% rise in conduct being “escalated” or singled out for scrutiny among clients since March, ranging from swearing to more serious incidents like disclosing client names. They have also included prohibited activities …

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Commentary: Coming surveillance will make post-9/11 seem tame

commentary: coming surveillance will make post-9/11 seem tame

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Commentary: Coming surveillance will make post-9/11 seem tame

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By now, most everyone save Donald Trump and his staunchest followers have grudgingly accepted that the “new normal” after the coronavirus assault will change our everyday routines significantly with a broad range of restrictions.

But beyond the ceaseless new reports of infection rates, hospitalization trends and death counts, companies from around the world are seeking billions in government and private-sector contracts to impose far more intrusive changes on our lives than wearing masks or maintaining distance.

As the world’s greatest scientific minds race to create COVID-19 vaccines and treatments, a separate group of brilliant techno-geeks is rushing to perfect surveillance tools ready to leap from the realms of Sci-Fi into reality.

AI — Artificial Intelligence — will use facial modeling to identify people beneath masks. Smart phone pings will track our every movement, with governments, police forces and health agencies sharing real-time geolocation logs. Facial-recognition systems will produce images to be matched with driver’s license photos. Credit card issuers, banks, internet providers and cell phone companies will feed massive databases to track the routes …

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Bipartisan opposition leaves surveillance bill in doubt

bipartisan opposition leaves surveillance bill in doubt

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WASHINGTON — Legislation extending surveillance authorities that the FBI sees as vital in fighting terrorism was thrown into doubt as President Donald Trump threatened a veto and Republican leaders and top liberal Democrats said they would oppose it.

House Democratic leaders abruptly adjourned without considering the bill, hours after saying there would be a vote Wednesday evening. In between, Trump said explicitly for the first time that he would veto the measure. A similar version of the legislation had drawn bipartisan support just weeks ago.

“If the FISA Bill is passed tonight on the House floor, I will quickly VETO it,” Trump tweeted, using the acronym for the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. “Our Country has just suffered through the greatest political crime in its history. The massive abuse of FISA was a big part of it!”

Trump had suggested Tuesday evening that he would oppose the measure, prompting Republicans who once backed the deal to follow Trump’s lead and say Wednesday that they would now vote against it.

The leaders of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, which has about 70 Democratic House members, also said they would oppose the legislation, saying it lacked curbs on online surveillance without warrants.

Combined with strong GOP …

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