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5 ways robots are changing our healthcare – The Bristol Cable

5 ways robots are changing our healthcare – the bristol cable

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With a leading robotics research hub in the city, Bristol Robotics Laboratory, partnering with local hospitals, Bristol is at the cutting-edge of robotics in healthcare.

1. Helping hand

Months before the pandemic, North Bristol NHS Trust partnered with Bristol Robotics Lab to research how socially assistive robots can help improve patient care. It will look at how personalised robots could help patients recover from surgery, and help with eating, drinking and exercising. A year ago, Bristol Robotics Lab developed a ‘socially intelligent’ robot fitness coach – Pepper they’re called – designed to guide people through an exercise regime (e.g. running on a treadmill) while also giving motivational voice prompts. The same technology, which could help patients with mobility issues, is undergoing testing to ensure it’s safe for a clinical environment. Helping hand from Pepper?

2. Dr. Bot, off you go!

Over a decade ago, Southmead Hospital’s Urology Team was one of the first hospitals to purchase a robot – Da Vinci – to conduct cancer surgery. The robot treated prostate cancer, the most common cancer in men. The surgery has been more accurate, less invasive, caused less blood loss, and even reduced hospital stays from three days to one on average, according …

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Robotic race car does exactly what race cars aren’t supposed to do

robotic race car does exactly what race cars aren’t supposed to do

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Roborace is a fledgling motorsports series using autonomous racecars, and its beta season is currently being carried out.
One of the cars spontaneously decided to drive into a wall from a standstill.
It’s unclear why the car crashed, but since it had no human driver, nobody was injured.
The robot apocalypse is coming… eventually. Well, maybe robots won’t actually take over the world one day, but the potential is certainly there, and we’ve already seen how robotic systems can completely take over tasks normally assigned to humans, especially in manufacturing and even driving cars.
With that in mind, the idea of the “Roborace” — a racing series in which all the vehicles are autonomously controlled — sounds pretty exciting. I mean, human error is the only reason that cars performing at their peak don’t make perfect runs around the world’s greatest race tracks, so slapping an AI driver into the seat would seem like a great way to ensure top speeds and flawless racing… right?

Unfortunately, that just wasn’t the case for one particular Roborace teams, as their pricey AI-controller auto slammed straight into a wall during one of the series first live broadcasts. The best …

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BD Checks Out Army’s Robotic Gun: ATLAS

bd checks out army’s robotic gun: atlas

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A soldier using the touchscreen-controlled, AI-assisted 50 mm cannon.
ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, MD: One touch, one kill — is this the user-friendly future of warfare?
I sat in front of a touchscreen, watching black-and-white infrared video of the gunnery range outside. Lined up on the left edge of the screen were still-image close-ups of what an experimental AI had decided were valid targets: dummies representing enemy infantry and vehicles, plus a real pick-up truck. Disengage safety, tap a target with your finger, and, 20 yards away, an unmanned turret automatically slewed to aim its 50mm cannon at that target.
A VR version of the ATLAS/ALAS-MC fire control interface.
If one more button had been enabled, I could have opened fire. But the Army didn’t enable that particular option for reporters checking out its experimental AI targeting system, ATLAS. In fact, the 44 soldiers who’ve tested the system since August haven’t gotten to shoot live ammunition either. Combat Capabilities Development Command (DEVCOM) is currently getting their feedback on the interface, not the gun itself. Sometime in the next month, Army officials said, they plan to live-fire ALTAS here at Aberdeen’s Edgewood range.
After that live-fire – the exact date is still …

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Fleet of robotic probes will monitor global warming’s impact on microscopic ocean life

fleet of robotic probes will monitor global warming’s impact on microscopic ocean life

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Since 2014, researchers have deployed more than 150 biogeochemical Argo floats in the Southern Ocean.

GRETA SHUM/SOCCOM

By Paul VoosenOct. 29, 2020 , 10:00 AM

A single drop of seawater holds millions of phytoplankton, a mix of algae, bacteria, and protocellular creatures. Across the world’s oceans these photosynthesizing microbes pump out more than half of the planet’s oxygen, while slowing climate change by capturing an estimated 25% of the carbon dioxide (CO2) released from humanity’s burning of fossil fuels. But the scale of this vital chemistry is mostly a guess, and there’s little sense of how it will change as temperatures rise. “What’s happening out there? We have no idea really,” says Susan Wijffels, a physical oceanographer at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

Soon, 500 drifting ocean floats studded with biogeochemical sensors will deliver answers. Today, the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced it will spend $53 million to fund the new floats, marking the first major expansion of the Argo array, a set of 4000 floats that for 15 years has tracked rising ocean temperatures. “This is going to be revolutionary,” says Wijffels, a leader of the original Argo program.

The biogeochemical (BGC) Argo floats, in development for nearly as long as Argo itself, will …

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The Rise of the Warehouse Robot

the rise of the warehouse robot

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[Stay on top of transportation news: Get TTNews in your inbox.]The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the decline of brick-and-mortar retail establishments and accelerated e-commerce, creating a massive logistical challenge for warehouse and distribution center operators.

But robots are coming to the rescue.

While much of the freight transportation industry is watching the development of autonomous trucks for the open road, regulatory and technical obstacles remain. Yet other forms of autonomous vehicles — such as small robots that select and move goods inside a warehouse and self-driving yard trucks for distribution centers — already have been working their way into the supply chain.

Companies such as autonomous mobile robot builders Locus Robotics and 6 River Systems, as well as Outrider, a developer of autonomous zero-emission yard trucks, are partnering with warehousing and logistics clients looking to improve productivity and reduce reliance on human physical labor.

XPO Logistics is one of the companies at the forefront of this transformation. The transportation and logistics provider is spending more than $500 million annually on innovation and technology that increases the efficiency of warehouses, said Ashfaque Chowdhury, XPO’s president of supply chain for the Americas and Asia Pacific.

“We have thousands of robots in our facilities that …

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MMI wins CE Mark for robotic microsurgery system – MassDevice

mmi wins ce mark for robotic microsurgery system – massdevice

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MMI SpA announced today that it received CE Mark for and launched its Symani surgical system for open microsurgical procedures.Calci, Italy-based MMI’s Symani system also experienced its first human use, having been used in four successful robotic surgeries performed in Florence, Italy. Three of those procedures were complex, post-traumatic lower limb reconstructions, with one post-oncological reconstruction of the pharynx, according to a news release.
Symani includes tremor reduction and motion scaling with what MMI touts as the world’s smallest wristed instrumentation, offering seven degrees of freedom and dexterity that outdoes the human hands.
The system’s NanoWrist instruments are designed to perform free-flap reconstructions, replantations, congenital malformations, peripheral nerve repairs and lymphatic surgery, MMI said.
“There is a clear demand for robotics in microsurgery as the limits of the human hand have already been reached,” MMI co-founder & CEO Giuseppe Maria Prisco said in the release. “We founded MMI to develop a robotic system designed for and with microsurgeons that will improve outcomes and address unmet patient needs, particularly through supermicrosurgery techniques which are required for lymphatic and other extremely delicate procedures. We are pleased to be at the forefront of a new era in robotic surgery as …

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Computer Scientists Use Positive Reinforcement to Teach Robots

computer scientists use positive reinforcement to teach robots

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Computer scientists at Johns Hopkins University have deployed the long-standing training technique of positive reinforcement, which is often used to train animals such as dogs, on a robot so that it could teach itself new tricks. Among those new skills was the ability to stack blocks. The robot is called Spot, and according to the researchers, it can learn skills within days that traditionally take around a month.Positive ReinforcementPositive reinforcement was used by the team to increase the robot’s skill sets. The speed at which the team was able to do this makes it easier for these types of robots to be deployed in the real world.The work was published in IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, titled “Good Robot!: Efficient Reinforcement Learning for Multi-Step Visual Tasks with Sim to Real Transfer.” Andrew Hundt is a PhD student working in Johns Hopkins University and lead author of the research. “The question here was how do we get the robot to learn a skill?” he said. “I’ve had dogs so I know rewards work and that was the inspiration for how I designed the learning algorithm.”One of the reasons positive reinforcement works on computers is that they …

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Nickel and robotic fabric: The building blocks of the future

nickel and robotic fabric: the building blocks of the future

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Throughout human history, basic materials have been driven to the forefront of innovation.From the nickel that helped build everything from cars and trains (and stainless steel kitchens everywhere) to the very cloth that’s been holding things together since the beginning of time, scientists continue to expand our idea of what goes into the building blocks of modern life.As a “fabric evolution” turns thread into a robot, a world of adaptive clothing and self-deploying shelters becomes possible. At the same time, a nickel revolution is underway — but it doesn’t come without environmental risks.Heavily used in electric car batteries, companies are mining the mineral at high volume, hoping to change the future of transportation without wreaking havoc on the natural world.As we roboticize fabric and transform basic minerals, we not only create crucial inventions that can change how we live but lasting symbols of human ingenuity as well.In this episode of The Abstract, we explain how the most basic materials could revolutionize daily life.Our first story is about how one precious mineral is shaping the future of transportation. As the demand for electric car batteries escalates, companies are working tirelessly to mine nickel without …

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