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Trove of rare NASA photos of ‘golden age of space exploration’ up for auction

trove of rare nasa photos of ‘golden age of space exploration’ up for auction

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Nov. 10 (UPI) — The only photograph of Neil Armstrong on the Moon, the first Earthrise and panoramas shot by each of the 12 astronauts who walked on the surface of the orbiting satellite are among a trove of thousands of original photographs documenting “the golden age of space exploration” up for auction by Christie’s.
“The collective is the most comprehensive private collection of NASA photographs ever presented at auction, and spans every visual milestone of the space program, from the early days of Mercury, the technical advances of Gemini and Lunar Orbiter, to the triumphs of Apollo,” Christie’s said in a release.
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Titled Voyage to Another World, the collection of some 2,400 photographs in 700 lots with estimated values ranging from $1,060 to $40,000 were curated over 15 years by Victor Martin-Malburet, and includes a catalog comprised from NASA transcripts that “retraces mankind’s first journey to another world, step by step,” the auction house said.
“The astronauts are often portrayed as great scientists and heroes, but rarely are they hailed as some of the most significant photographers of all time,” Martin-Malburet said. “From the thin protections of their space capsules and EMUs (extravehicular Mobility Units), they captured, with skill and daring, photographs, which immediately embraced …

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Space travel can adversely impact energy production in a cell

space travel can adversely impact energy production in a cell

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Studies of both mice and humans who have traveled into space reveal that critical parts of a cell’s energy production machinery, the mitochondria, can be made dysfunctional due to changes in gravity, radiation exposure and other factors, according to investigators at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center. These findings are part of an extensive research effort across many scientific disciplines to look at the health effects of travel into space. The research has implications for future space travel as well as how metabolic changes due to space travel could inform medical science on earth.
The findings appeared November 25, 2020, in Cell and are part of a larger compendium of research into health aspects of space travel that appears concurrently in Cell, Cell Reports, Cell Systems, Patterns, and iScience.
“My group’s research efforts centered around muscle tissue from mice that were sent into space and were compared with analyses by other scientists who studied different mouse tissue,” says Evagelia C. Laiakis, PhD, an associate professor of oncology at Georgetown. “Although we each studied different tissue, we all came to the same conclusion: that mitochondrial function was adversely impacted by space travel.”
In addition to studying the effects of space travel on cellular function, …

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Colonisation of Other Planets and Space Exploration: 3D Printing Offers New Opportunities

colonisation of other planets and space exploration: 3d printing offers new opportunities

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Photo : NUST MISISAdditive technologies pertaining to layer-by-layer build-up and synthesis of objects with the help of computer 3D technologies are currently coming to prominence in the construction of space equipment.Scientists believe that 3D printing may provide a significant boost to extraterrestrial exploration.
How can the 3D printing of structures in space be optimised and their security increased? How can superlight optic systems for nanosatellites with the help of new technologies be created?
Researchers from Russian universities that are part of the Project “5-100”, have detailed their advances.
One of the key advantages of the new approach lies in the fact that one 3D printer can replace loads of conventional factory equipment.
In November 2020, the magazine Forbes included additive technologies (from Lat. additivus) into the list of five new revolutionary technologies that entrepreneurs should pay attention to.
The authors of the review noted that additive technologies could provide many benefits in the aerospace industry, where the weight of a product is not infrequently the highest cost factor.

The use of 3D printing in space may significantly speed up the exploration of extraterrestrial land; additive technologies are also actively penetrating rocket manufacturing.
The helmets of astronauts Robert Behnken and Doug …

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Canada’s escape from planet Earth?

canada’s escape from planet earth?

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Shannon Gormley: There are many things that are great about outer space but I think we can all agree that its most attractive feature is that it is not directly adjacent to the United States

This column appears in print in the December 2020 issue of Maclean’s magazine with the headline, “Escape from planet Earth.” Subscribe to the monthly print magazine here.
Before we consider space exploration, we must first acknowledge the limitations of time travel. I am writing to you, who resides in what is from my perspective the future, from the epoch immediately prior to your own, a historical era some days ago in which our southern neighbours soberly reflected on whether they wished to prolong the rule of a serially bankrupt Russian asset. Although I am communicating with you, you cannot communicate with me, leaving me to speculate on matters about which experience has made you well-informed but of which I am ignorant. You may think of me then as a messenger from the past, admittedly the poor cousin to the messenger from the future.
By the time you read this, one of three things has happened: you have witnessed America re-elect a neo-fascist, and you are …

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Human Space Launches Bring Welcome Distraction To Otherwise Wild Year

human space launches bring welcome distraction to otherwise wild year

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Spectators eye Kennedy Space Center from Titusville, awaiting the launch of 4 astronauts on SpaceX’s Crew Dragon vehicle. Photo: Nelly Ontiveros, WMFE

Stay tuned in to our local news coverage: Listen to 90.7 WMFE on your FM or HD radio, the WMFE mobile app or your smart speaker — say “Alexa, play NPR” and you’ll be connected.

This year, NASA launched six astronauts from the Kennedy Space Center, ending a nearly decade-long drought of human launches from U.S. soil. The launches from Florida’s space coast brought spectators from across the state, including hundreds of spectators gathered at Space View Park in Titusville to watch the Crew Dragon capsule launch from Kennedy Space Center.
Almost a decade after the Space Shuttle Program ended human space exploration from the U.S. is back and watching humans launch to space brings a welcome distraction to the otherwise tumultuous news of the year.  
UCF Space Historian Amy Foster said successful space missions give people a reason to celebrate, even in times of uncertainty and discord.
“When Apollo eight flew, it was the first manned mission to circumnavigate the moon. So they flew around the moon and they came back. And it took place around …

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SpaceX to press ahead with Starlink tests, delays commercial service

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By Joey Roulette2 Min ReadFILE PHOTO: An exterior of the SpaceX headquarters in Hawthorne, California May 29, 2014.. REUTERS/Mario Anzuoni/File PhotoWASHINGTON (Reuters) – SpaceX will continue beta testing its satellite-based broadband service Starlink into next year, the company said late Tuesday, indicating commercial service would not likely be offered in 2020 as previously planned.Hawthorne, California-based SpaceX, Elon Musk’s private space exploration company, has launched nearly 900 Starlink satellites to orbit since 2019 with the goal of offering high-speed Internet to rural locations globally.Musk has said the Starlink service will be a crucial source of funding for his broader plans, like developing the super heavy-lift Starship rocket to fly paying customers to the moon and eventually trying to colonize Mars.“At our current pace, we expect to expand our beta in a notable way very early next year, in the late January – February timeframe,” SpaceX engineer Kate Tice said during a livestream on Tuesday, before launching the company’s 16th batch of Starlink satellites.A SpaceX spokesman did not respond to a request for comment.SpaceX in October invited hundreds of people in rural states like Washington, Wisconsin and Idaho to partake in its “Better Than Nothing Beta” trial, opening …

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Vandenberg No Longer Considered for Space Force Headquarters

vandenberg no longer considered for space force headquarters

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By edhat staff
Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB) is officially out of the running for the U.S. Space Command Headquarters.
The Department of the Air Force announced Thursday, on behalf of the Office of Secretary of Defense, the six candidate locations.
The six locations include Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico; Offutt AFB, Nebraska; Patrick AFB, Florida; Peterson AFB, Colorado; Port San Antonio, Texas; and Redstone Army Airfield, Alabama.
Self-nominated communities from across 24 states were evaluated as potential locations for hosting the headquarters. 
Last year VAFB was selected as the front runner as it’s currently home to a Combined Space Operations Center where U.S. and allied personnel track objects and activities in space.
The Department of the Air Force evaluated each location and will now conduct both virtual and on-site visits at each candidate location to assess which location is best suited to host the U.S. Space Command Headquarters. This assessment will be based on factors related to mission, infrastructure capacity, community support, and costs to the Department of Defense.
According to the announcement, the Department of the Air Force anticipates selecting the preferred location for U.S. Space Command Headquarters in early 2021.
In the interim, Peterson …

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Astronauts experience these key changes in space that could impact their health, new research shows

astronauts experience these key changes in space that could impact their health, new research shows

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The 2019 NASA Twins Study provided an all-encompassing look at the effects of spending nearly a year in space on the human body when NASA astronaut Scott Kelly spent 340 days on the International Space Station while his identical twin Mark (now a US Senator-elect from Arizona) was on Earth. Now, scientists have gathered the largest set of data about space biology to date based on astronauts including the Kelly twins, mice and insects that have flown on the space station. The 30 studies, authored by more than 200 researchers from around the world, represent the largest body of information on the risks of space flight to the human body. The studies identify six key molecular changes that may have a significant impact on astronaut health. Understanding these changes is key for preparing for long-term spaceflight missions to the moon and Mars in the future. The Biology of Spaceflight collection of 30 studies published Wednesday in the journals Cell, Cell Reports, Cell Systems, Patterns and iScience.Risks of deep space missionsThe six molecular changes that occur during spaceflight include DNA damage, oxidative stress, alterations of telomere length, shifts in the microbiome, mitochondrial dysfunction and gene regulation.Oxidative stress happens when free radicals overwhelm antioxidants in …

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Space worms experiment reveals gravity affects genes

space worms experiment reveals gravity affects genes

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Living at low gravity affects cells at the genetic level, according to a study of worms in space.
Genetic analysis of Caenorhabditis elegans worms on the International Space Station showed “subtle changes” in about 1,000 genes.
Stronger effects were found in some genes, especially among neurons (nervous system cells).
The study, by the University of Exeter and the NASA GeneLab, aids our understanding of why living organisms – including humans – suffer physical decline in space.
“We looked at levels of every gene in the worms’ genome and identified a clear pattern of genetic change,” said Dr Timothy Etheridge, of the University of Exeter.
“These changes might help explain why the body reacts badly to space flight.
“It also gives us some therapy targets in terms of reducing these health effects, which are currently a major barrier to deep-space exploration.”
The study exposed worms to low gravity on the International Space Station, and to high gravity in centrifuges.
The high-gravity tests gave the researchers more data on gravity’s genetic impacts, and allowed them to look for possible treatments using high gravity in space.
“A crucial step towards overcoming any physiological condition is first understanding its underlying molecular mechanism,” said lead author …

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