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U.S. joins G7 artificial intelligence group to counter China

u.s. joins g7 artificial intelligence group to counter china

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The U.S. has joined an international panel for setting ethical guidelines for the use of artificial intelligence. The Trump administration had earlier dismissed the idea.

The White House’s chief technology officer, Michael Kratsios, told The Associated Press on Thursday it is important to establish shared democratic principles as a counter to China’s record of “twisting technology” in ways that threaten civil liberties.

“Chinese technology companies are attempting to shape international standards on facial recognition and surveillance at the United Nations,” he said.

The Trump administration had been the lone holdout among leaders of the Group of Seven — the world’s wealthiest democracies — in setting up the Global Partnership on AI.

The partnership launched Thursday after a virtual meeting between national technology ministers. It was nearly two years after the leaders of Canada and France announced they were forming a group to guide the responsible adoption of AI based on shared principles of “human rights, inclusion, diversity, innovation and economic growth.”

The Trump administration objected to that approach, arguing that too much focus on regulation would hamper U.S. innovation. But negotiations over the past year and changes to the group’s scope led the U.S. to join, Kratsios said.

“We …

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How Army Futures Command plans to grow soldiers’ artificial intelligence skills

how army futures command plans to grow soldiers’ artificial intelligence skills

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WASHINGTON — With artificial intelligence expected to form the backbone of the U.S. military in the coming decades, the Army is launching a trio of new efforts to ensure it doesn’t get left behind, according to the head of Army Futures Command. While speaking at an event Wednesday hosted by the Defense Writers Group, Gen. Mike Murray was asked about areas that need more attention as his command works to modernize the force. Murray pointed to a change in how the service does long-term planning, as well as two personnel efforts that could pay off in the long run. The first is something Murray has dubbed “Team Ignite,” which he described as “ad hoc, right now,” with a hope to formalize the process in the future. In essence, this means bringing in the teams that write the concept of operations for the military and having them work next to the technologists driving research and development efforts so that everything is incorporated early. “It has occurred to me for a long time that when we prepare concepts about how we will fight in the future, they are usually not informed by scientists and what is potentially out there in terms …

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Artificial intelligence startup dives into COVID-19 contact tracing, t

artificial intelligence startup dives into covid-19 contact tracing, t

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RALEIGH – Believing that artificial intelligence can improve so-called “contact tracing” and also protect people’s privacy in the battle against COVID-19, Raleigh-based startup Diveplane is rolling out a program called “Aware.”
Crucial to the program is the use of Diveplane-developed “Geminai” which the venture capital-backed company “creates a verifiable synthetic ‘twin’ dataset with the same statistical properties of the original data, but without including the real-world confidential or personal information.” (Diveplane recently won first place in Technology Enablement at the UBS 2019 Future of Finance Challenge for Geminai.)
The use of Geminai, Diveplane says, addresses a key concern about contact tracing: Personal privacy. Diveplane also has partnered with another company, Iron Bow Technologies, to further protected gathered data.

“Accurate but secure contact tracing is foundational for reducing the spread of disease,” says Diveplane about the method of tracking exposure to diseases, a technique that dates back decades.
Butcontact tracing through modern technology via smartphone apps has raised concerns about data privacy and security.
Diveplane, founded by former Epic Games CEO, wins kudos for its AI platform GEMINAI

“Concerned citizens have been eyeing the tradeoff between controlling outbreaks using apps and intrusions on privacy,” the Associated Press reported earlier this week. “Civil …

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Artificial Intelligence Startup Accern Raises $13 Million In Series A To Help Enterprises Adopt AI More Easily

artificial intelligence startup accern raises $13 million in series a to help enterprises adopt ai more easily

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Accern cofounders (L to R): Anshul Vikram Pandey (CTO) and Kumesh Aroomoogan (CEO)

Accern

When Kumesh Aroomoogan was working in the public finance department at Citigroup, he spent hours looking at financial statements, copying and pasting from one document to the next, arranging and rearranging his Excel sheet, and performing a lot of repeated manual tasks. 
“They were scaling on labor versus technology,” Aroomoogan says. “I thought there has to be a better way to automate this entire process.” 
So in 2014, Aroomoogan, who had an idea for a product, teamed up with Anshul Vikram Pandey, a data visualization PhD student at NYU at the time, and the two started working in Aroomoogan’s basement in Queens, NY. 
What came out of the effort of the two entrepreneurs is Accern, an enterprise whose AI Platform contains ready-made solutions for the financial service industry.

Today, the six-year old startup announced that it has closed a $13 million Series A funding round led by Fusion Fund. Mighty Capital, Allianz Life Ventures, Vectr Fintech Partners and Viaduct Ventures also participated, along with two angel investors from a previous round.
According to Aroomoogan, who serves as the company’s CEO, Accern will use the funds to …

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NCSU researchers aim to improve prosthetics with new software, artific

ncsu researchers aim to improve prosthetics with new software, artific

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RALEIGH – Researchers have developed new software that can be integrated with existing hardware to enable people using robotic prosthetics or exoskeletons to walk in a safer, more natural manner on different types of terrain. The new framework incorporates computer vision into prosthetic leg control, and includes robust artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms that allow the software to better account for uncertainty.
“Lower-limb robotic prosthetics need to execute different behaviors based on the terrain users are walking on,” says Edgar Lobaton, co-author of a paper on the work and an associate professor of electrical and computer engineering at North Carolina State University. “The framework we’ve created allows the AI in robotic prostheses to predict the type of terrain users will be stepping on, quantify the uncertainties associated with that prediction, and then incorporate that uncertainty into its decision-making.”
Edgar Lobaton
The researchers focused on distinguishing between six different terrains that require adjustments in a robotic prosthetic’s behavior: tile, brick, concrete, grass, “upstairs” and “downstairs.”

“If the degree of uncertainty is too high, the AI isn’t forced to make a questionable decision – it could instead notify the user that it doesn’t have enough confidence in its prediction to act, …

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Artificial intelligence spots COVID-19 in chest X-rays –

artificial intelligence spots covid-19 in chest x-rays –

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Researchers in the UK say they developed an artificial intelligence-based computer model that can reliably detect COVID-19 in X-rays, which could help assist diagnoses when coronavirus testing kits are in short supply.The project by computer and machine vision students at Cranfield University uses computer vision and AI to analyse chest X-ray images, picking up patterns that would not normally be recognised with the naked eye.The AI can spot anomalies that point to pneumonia, a common symptom of coronavirus infection and also whether the pneumonia is caused by SARS-CoV-2, the COVID-19 virus.The students employed conventional machine learning algorithms as wells as deep learning frameworks, a machine learning technique that teaches computers to learn by example, according to Cranfield.The AI model was able to predict results “with great accuracy,” but could be improved further with the development of new algorithms, according to the team, which was led by Dr Zeeshan Rana, a lecturer in computational engineering at Cranfield.“The research carried out in this pilot project has led to some extremely promising results and we are looking to build on this success rapidly to help in the fight against COVID-19,” said Rana.He is now hoping to partner …

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Artificial Intelligence is Fuelling Innovation in Healthcare

artificial intelligence is fuelling innovation in healthcare

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Piyush GuptaCommonly described as the new nervous system of healthcare, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become a key growth driver in the healthcare industry. According to a study by Allied Market Research, the global AI in healthcare market is projected to reach a valuation of $22,790 million by 2023, with a CAGR of 48.7% from 2017 to 2023. AI in healthcare has been developed to augment human capabilities – be it diagnosing a medical condition or assisting in surgeries.
AI in healthcare has given patients and healthcare providers an ecosystem that is more efficient and effective –and down the line –more economical in delivering better long-term outcomes. When a patient experiences a stroke, every second counts. This can be a challenge as access to medical care can take hours if the patient is in a remote or hard-to-reach location.
AI has the potential to facilitate high-speed, high-quality imaging that can help identify the type and location of the clot or bleed. This can then result in automated detection and faster decision-making regarding the course of treatment, giving the patient a better chance of recovery.
AI and other technologies powering healthtech
AI is built on a framework of various intelligent technologies, such as Machine Learning (ML), Data Analytics, …

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Opinion | Artificial Intelligence Can Serve Democracy

Information Access and Management (IAM) Platform powers IAM Network - 60,000 + engaged information professionals worldwide.

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The U.S. is using every tool at its disposal to defeat the novel coronavirus, including artificial intelligence. American laboratories are harnessing AI to discover new therapeutics. The Food and Drug Administration approved an AI tool to help detect coronavirus in CT scans. And the White House led an initiative to create a database with more than 128,000 articles that scientists can analyze using AI to help understand the virus better and develop treatments. At the same time, AI is being twisted by authoritarian regimes to…

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Opinion: Artificial intelligence should be integrated into our workforce

opinion: artificial intelligence should be integrated into our workforce

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The recent news headlines have been scattered with multiple topics of discussion on Artificial Intelligence, or AI, and its wide application. Artificial Intelligence has been altering and mediating all forms of human interaction, ranging from companies/businesses in risk management to national security and warfare.
However, the pinnacle of debates seems to center around America’s workforce and the replacement of labor-intensive work with robots. According to Fortune, by 2030, more than 800 million jobs will be replaced. Numerous jobs of varying skill requirements are at risk of being replaced by machines. 
Many technology companies such as Apple, Google and Uber have already undergone development for self-driving cars and the progress is alarming. Several car corporations such as Mercedes-Benz, Tesla and Waymo have already assimilated self-parking mechanics and self-driving car services as of right now. Transportation automation may risk 5.2 million jobs in the US alone, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
White-collared jobs are no safe-haven either. Journalists, lawyers, even medical researchers and doctors are at risk of losing their jobs. According to Forbes, computer creativity is taking leaps forward in all forms of art, including literature. Much of a lawyer’s job consists of contracting and document-scanning which can be …

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Artificial intelligence reveals mechanism for kin selection in a wild primate

artificial intelligence reveals mechanism for kin selection in a wild primate

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Juvenile mandrills with the same father but different mothers look more alike than juvenile mandrills with the same mother and different fathers. Credit: Berta Roura Torres

More like mom or dad? Human babies always get this curious look on their face combined with the question whom the child resembles most. The answers vary depending on the degree of kinship, gender and the time of assessment. Mandrills, monkeys living in Equatorial Africa, may recognize facial features coding relatedness better than humans. Scientists at the German Primate Center—Leibniz Institute for Primate Research in Göttingen, together with colleagues from the Institut des Sciences de l’Evolution de Montpellier (ISEM), showed by using up-to-date artificial intelligence (AI) that half-sisters, who have the same father look more alike than half-sisters who share the same mother. The paternal half-sisters also have closer social relationships with each other than unrelated mandrills. This result provided the first evidence suggesting that interindividual resemblance has been selected to signal paternal kinship. The study is reported in Sciences Advances.

Throughout the animal kingdom, related conspecifics show similar features. Some are the spitting image of each other. However, whether resemblance between kin merely reflects their genetic resemblance or results from selection …

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