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Space exploration technology created by Sierra Nevada Corporation

space exploration technology created by sierra nevada corporation

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WASHINGTON (Reuters) — The moon lacks the bodies of liquid water that are a hallmark of Earth but scientists said on Monday lunar water is more widespread than previously known, with water molecules trapped within mineral grains on the surface and more water perhaps hidden in ice patches residing in permanent shadows.
While research 11 years ago indicated water was relatively widespread in small amounts on the moon, a team of scientists is now reporting the first unambiguous detection of water molecules on the lunar surface. At the same time, another team is reporting that the moon possesses roughly 15,000 square miles of permanent shadows that potentially could harbor hidden pockets of water in the form of ice.

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#BlackInAstro Experiences: Dr. Sian Proctor

#blackinastro experiences: dr. sian proctor

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It’s #BlackInPhysics week Oct. 25th to Oct. 31st, 2020! Find out more and follow along at blackinphysics.org and @BlackInPhysics on Twitter. This post is also part of our ongoing series #BlackInAstro. For our cornerstone post, see here. In this installment, we are publishing an interview with Dr. Sian Proctor. She’s a geoscientist, science communicator, artist, author, analog astronaut, and all around space exploration enthusiast!

Dr. Sian Proctor (Image Credits: Sian Proctor)
Sian Proctor is an explorer. Her formal education covered multiple disciplines (environmental science, geology, science education), but that doesn’t even begin to describe her incredible career. She has worked as a community college professor for over twenty years, teaching geology, sustainability, and planetary science. She has developed a curriculum on the science of disasters for FEMA. She creates art to inspire women of color in astronomy and aerospace. She is a Major in the Civil Air Patrol. She is an analog astronaut, having completed four different missions to prepare for future crewed spaceflight. She has done multiple TEDx talks (see below for one of them on impostor syndrome!), and even written a cookbook. The list goes on and on. All these successes didn’t come without …

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NASA, European Space Agency to collaborate on Artemis Gateway lunar outpost

nasa, european space agency to collaborate on artemis gateway lunar outpost

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As NASA seeks to return humans to the lunar surface through its Artemis program, the space agency is adding international partnerships to facilitate sustainable exploration of the moon — while demonstrating that a human mission to Mars is possible in the future. A collaborative agreement was finalized between NASA and the European Space Agency on Tuesday, and the two agencies will work together on the Artemis Gateway lunar outpost. This is also NASA’s first formal agreement to launch international crew members to the moon during the Artemis missions, according to the agency. The Artemis Gateway will act as a way station serving astronauts traveling from Earth before they reach the surface of the moon. “This partnership leverages the outstanding cooperation established by the International Space Station as we push forward to the Moon,” said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine in a statement. “Gateway will continue to expand NASA’s cooperation with international partners like ESA, ensuring the Artemis program results in the safe and sustainable exploration of the Moon after the initial human lunar landing and beyond.”How the Artemis program worksThe Artemis program will rely on multiple assets including the Orion spacecraft, the Gateway and the Space Launch System rocket, known …

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With skeletons in retro shirts and ties, Park Ridge family’s Halloween display recreates 1966 NASA space launch

with skeletons in retro shirts and ties, park ridge family’s halloween display recreates 1966 nasa space launch

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Everything down to the smallest detail is included in the model — from the switches and knobs on the console, to images of the actual Gemini 12 takeoff on the mock video screens, to the headsets and ID badges the NASA skeletons are wearing. In fact, one of the skeletons, dressed in a brown vest and holding an old landline phone as he stands in front of the other engineers, is modeled after Gene Kranz, the Gemini 12 launch director, Ken Kovacin said. His ID badge, pinned to his vest, reads “Gene Tibia.”

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Europe will help build NASA’s moon-orbiting Gateway space station

europe will help build nasa’s moon-orbiting gateway space station

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NASA’s moon-orbiting space station just got a new high-profile partner.The European Space Agency (ESA) signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on Tuesday (Oct. 27) formalizing its collaboration on Gateway, a planned outpost in lunar orbit that NASA sees as key to its Artemis program of crewed moon exploration.Under this new agreement, ESA will provide Gateway with a habitation module and a refueling module, both of which the European agency will operate once the hardware is up and running. ESA contributions will also include two additional service modules for NASA’s Orion capsule, the spacecraft that will launch Artemis astronauts from Earth atop the agency’s Space Launch System (SLS) rockets.Moon master: An easy quiz for lunaticsIn return, ESA will get three flight opportunities for European astronauts to launch to and work aboard Gateway.”This partnership leverages the outstanding cooperation established by the International Space Station as we push forward to the moon,” NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said in a statement today. “Gateway will continue to expand NASA’s cooperation with international partners like ESA, ensuring the Artemis program results in the safe and sustainable exploration of the moon after the initial human lunar landing and beyond.”That initial crewed landing is …

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Professor warns space exploration will spark totalitarian societies

professor warns space exploration will spark totalitarian societies

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Professor warns space exploration will give rise to totalitarian societies equipped with nuclear weapons – but some say his forecast is too pessimisticDaniel Deudney is a political science professor at Johns Hopkins UniversityHe recently published a book titled ‘Dark Skies’ that talks about space expansionThe text warns that space settlements could become totalitarian societiesPopulations and resources will need to be controlled for survival Deudney notes that nuclear weapons will become the gold standard in spaceHe fears that the cosmic battles will eventually make their way to Earth By Stacy Liberatore For Dailymail.com Published: 15:17 EDT, 27 October 2020 | Updated: 15:41 EDT, 27 October 2020 Space agencies across the world are working tirelessly to design the best ships and technologies for the chance to claim a stake of the final frontier for their country.Although it may seem like an act of national pride, a professor from Johns Hopkins University warns that space expansion may lead to the extinction of humanity, suggesting it should not be attempted at all.Daniel Deudney recently published a book titled ‘Dark Skies’ that examines space expansionism through geopolitics revealing cosmic habitats could spark totalitarian empires.The political science professor also notes that if these settlements stretch across the solar system, …

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There is water on the Moon! NASA announces discovery

there is water on the moon! nasa announces discovery

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There is water on the Moon! NASA announces discovery

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The SOFIA observatory NASA announced the detection of molecules of water (H2O) in the crater Clavius, one of the largest of the Moon, located in the south of the visible side of the natural satellite hemisphere.

This finding would indicate that water can be distributed over the entire lunar surface, not just on the hidden and cold side, as previously believed. Hydrogen had previously been detected, but until now scientists had not been able to distinguish between water and its chemical relative, hydroxyl (OH).

According to the report in the journal Nature Astronomy , concentrations of 100 to 412 parts per million were found, the equivalent of a third of a one-liter bottle of water. This water was trapped in a cubic meter of soil scattered on the lunar surface.

“We had indications that H2O, the familiar water we know, might be present on the sunlit side of the Moon,” said Paul Hertz, director of the Division of Astrophysics in the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters. in Washington.

“Now we know it’s there. …

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From Vodka To Space Flight: Air Co. Launches Sustainable Rocket Fuel To Help Us Get To Mars…And Beyond

from vodka to space flight: air co. launches sustainable rocket fuel to help us get to mars…and beyond

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A rendering of a potential Air Co fuel storage tanks and rocket return launch pad on Mars

Air Company

From creating the world’s first carbon-negative vodka to now renewable fuels, Air Co. was founded upon a vision to better the world and apply its ground-breaking, proprietary, first-ever CO2 conversion technology to many industries. The company has won awards from NASA for its carbon conversion technology.  
 Co-founded by Gregory Constantine and Dr. Stafford Sheehan, the company has invented a way to make renewable fuel from carbon dioxide. To aid space exploration efforts, Air Co.’s renewable fuel will reduce the carbon dioxide emissions of the spaceflight industry and make space exploration more sustainable than before. It aims to help us to better understand the world around us while fighting climate change by removing one of the most abundant greenhouse gasses from the air.
Until now, rocket engines have used liquid methane made from natural gas, an unsustainable, non-reusable fossil fuel product. However, in the fight to protect the environment while furthering space exploration, organizations like SpaceX and Blue Origin have begun to look for new propellants for their rocket engines for commercial spaceflight and Mars exploration. Theoretically, Air Co.’s …

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What Comes After the International Space Station?

what comes after the international space station?

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From the outside, the design of Axiom’s space station looks remarkably similar to the ISS. The cylindrical modules are about 15 meters in diameter and are connected to the station like giant Tinker Toys. The reason for this, says Suffredini, is to take advantage of the space industry’s familiarity with the ISS. One of Axiom’s main contractors to build its modules, the European aerospace company Thales Alenia Space, also built nearly half of the modules for the ISS. Axiom’s station is also constrained by the size of existing launch vehicles. As bigger rockets come along, such as SpaceX’s Starship, it could make larger space stations possible. For example, Suffredini says Axiom is exploring the idea of using inflatable modules in the future. These would be similar to NASA’s TransHab, an inflatable ISS module concept the agency developed in the 1990s before the project was canceled by Congress. Axiom’s modules may be spherical or toroidal, and the diameter of each one could be up to three times larger than a conventional hard-shell model.Suffredini expects Axiom’s station to be used by a variety of customers; like the ISS, it will serve as a research …

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