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Not everyone is buying into US rules for exploiting resources on the Moon

not everyone is buying into us rules for exploiting resources on the moon

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Eight countries have signed the Artemis Accords, a set of guidelines surrounding the Artemis Program for crewed exploration of the Moon. The United Kingdom, Italy, Australia, Canada, Japan, Luxembourg, the United Arab Emirates and the United States are now all participants in the project, which aims to return humans to the moon by 2024 and establish a crewed lunar base by 2030.This may sound like progress. Nations have for a number of years struggled with the issue of how to govern a human settlement on the Moon and deal with the management of any resources. But a number of key countries have serious concerns about the accords and have so far refused to sign them.Previous attempts to govern space have been through painstakingly negotiated international treaties. The Outer Space Treaty 1967 laid down the foundational principles for human space exploration – it should be peaceful and benefit all mankind, not just one country. But the treaty has little in the way of detail. The Moon Agreement of 1979 attempted to prevent commercial exploitation of outer-space resources, but only a small number of states have ratified it – the US, China and Russia have not.Now that the US is pursuing the Artemis Program, the …

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NASA will share an ‘exciting new discovery’ about the moon on Monday. Listen to the announcement live.

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On Monday, NASA will share “an exciting new discovery” about the moon.
The space agency has not revealed any details about the discovery, but said it could support “deep-space exploration.”
NASA TV will stream live audio of the announcement. You can listen via the embed below.
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NASA made a cryptic announcement this week: It has “an exciting new discovery” about the moon, but it’s not going to reveal the finding just yet.Instead, it will share the details in a press briefing on Monday and stream the audio live online. (You can tune in via the embed below.)”This new discovery contributes to NASA’s efforts to learn about the moon in support of deep space exploration,” the agency’s statement says. “Understanding the science of the moon also helps piece together the broader history of the inner solar system.”NASA’s Artemis program aims to send astronauts back to the moon’s surface by 2024, then later establish a lunar base from which it can hopscotch the first humans to Mars. It’s not yet clear how the mysterious new discovery might affect those plans.

An illustration made available by NASA in April 2020 depicts Artemis astronauts on the …

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Aleph Farms launches foodtech space program to cultivate steaks on Mars

aleph farms launches foodtech space program to cultivate steaks on mars

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Israeli foodtech startup Aleph Farms, Ltd., a developer of non-GMO cell-based 3D bioprinting meat platform announced the launch of ‘Aleph Zero’, its new food production initiative to take 3D meat printing on an extraterrestrial mission to Mars.One of the main challenges facing long-term space exploration has been limited food printing/growing options in extra harsh conditions. Aleph Zero aims to change that by advancing the production of fresh quality meat regardless of climate and natural resources. Aleph Farms has successfully cultivated non-GMO meat products from bovine cells, and recently has taken its bioprinting skills to the last frontier – space.”‘Aleph Zero’ represents the mathematical symbol of the smallest infinite number, and how Aleph Farms brings space infinity closer by supporting deep-space exploration and colonization of new planets. The term also represents the company’s vision for producing meat with near-zero natural resources,” explains CEO Didier Toubia, who co-founded Aleph Farms with ‘The Kitchen Foodtech Hub’ of Strauss Group and with Professor Shulamit Levenberg of the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology.The foodtech space program comes barely a year after Aleph, in collaboration with Russian firm 3D Bioprinting Solutions, successfully produced meat on the International Space Station. This marked …

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Scientist Grows Radishes in His Kitchen to Further Space Exploration

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PASADENA, Calif. — Dr. Max Coleman works at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, where he studies in situ resource utilization.”[In situ resource utilization] means growing food on planets so we do not have to carry them there,” explained Dr. Coleman.
When the pandemic hit, it forced Dr. Coleman and his colleagues out of their labs, but he continued the research in his home kitchen. He wants to know if it’s possible to grow food on the moon because, if so, it would be a stepping-stone — or a “stopover farm” — for future missions to Mars.
To simulate lunar regolith — science lingo for moon soil — Dr. Coleman used sand because, like the moon, it has no nutrients. The food subject he chose was the common radish. According to Dr. Coleman, because radish germinate quickly, it may be possible to grow them in a single lunar day — the equivalent to a month of daylight on Earth. 
Using finely calibrated scientific instruments in his kitchen, like a soup spoon and a radish dibber stick (also known as a ballpoint pen), Dr. Coleman carefully planted each seed into containers of sand. His goal was to find out the minimum amount of water and nutrients …

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Here’s why scientists think women are better suited to space travel

here’s why scientists think women are better suited to space travel

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Are women better astronauts than men? This question will become central to the selection of crews to the Moon, Mars, and beyond as we undertake the colonization of space.
In the struggle for gender equality, women have already proven they are capable of doing anything — including conquering space, showing that not even the sky is the limit for their success.

[Read: Meet Alyssa Carson, the 18-year-old training to become the first human on Mars]
“The first all-women spacewalk at the International Space Station was carried out in October of 2019 and many other milestones have already been accomplished by women astronauts. But there has yet to be a first woman on the moon (or on Mars),” Katharina Buchholz writes for Statista.
The first woman in space 

Valentina Tereshkova seen in 1963 became the first woman in space. Image credit: RIA Novosti

Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova was born in Russia, in 1937. At the age of 18, working at a textile factory, she designed parachutes to aid her love of skydiving.
In the early 1960’s, the Soviet and American space programs were each engaged in reaching milestones in space exploration, attempting to upstage their adversary. Striving to beat the United States in sending the first woman …

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India has the potential to be the next space hub of the world

india has the potential to be the next space hub of the world

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By Arun RaoSpace, universe, solar system, planets have interested human beings since time immemorial. With every exploration, the desire and intent to know more about space grows, evolving it as a sector of research and development at a geo level and creating a footprint for the country in space exploration. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma, Kalpana Chawla the list is endless of inspirational space research scientists and astronauts of India and their life stories are inspiring students and engineers across the country to explore the domain of space and aeronautics. Indian films have showcased how we made history with the successful Mars mission. Breaking into the bulwark of space programs held by a handful of countries around the globe, ISRO started its ambitious and daring journey five decades ago with a record of over 100 successful space missions. ISRO today is amongst the top six government space agencies in the world. From launching small rockets of just 30-70 kg payloads to carrying 4,000 kg payloads to outer space, ISRO’s journey has been refreshingly audacious.
From relying on other countries for space programs to now having its own robust launch vehicle program, this momentous …

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Space Health Institute Seeks to Safeguard Astronaut Health through Control of Metabolism and Homeostasis

space health institute seeks to safeguard astronaut health through control of metabolism and homeostasis

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The Translational Research Institute for Space Health (TRISH) at Baylor College of Medicine is seeking research proposals with emerging scientific and biomedical advances, disruptive technologies, and new therapies and engineering capabilities with the potential to protect health in deep space.

TRISH seeks and funds high-risk, high-reward and creative solutions that can be used to protect astronauts on long duration exploration missions. With this solicitation, TRISH is seeking novel research and multi-disciplinary approaches to reduce health risks through manipulation of human metabolism and homeostasis at the cellular or whole organism level.

Modifying metabolic and homeostatic processes has the potential to reduce the necessary supplies and outputs of crewed missions in the highly resource-constrained environment of deep space. This strategy may also mitigate maladaptive processes the body undergoes in microgravity such as muscle and bone loss, or reduce tissue damage as a result of space radiation exposure.  TRISH seeks to examine the feasibility of this method by awarding proof-of-concept grants to projects that assess the risks and potential benefits of these types of approaches.

The solicitation is available online here. The Step-1 proposals are due on Dec. 21, 2020 by 5 p.m. EST. Step-2 proposals from selected investigations will be due on March 30, 2021. …

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U.S. Signs Accord For Peaceful Space Exploration – WLTZ

u.s. signs accord for peaceful space exploration – wltz

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SEVEN NATIONS AND THE U.S. SIGN THE ARTEMIS ACCORDS IN PROMISING PEACEFUL EXPLORATION OF DEEP SPACE

October 15, 2020

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1/1Seven nations and the U.S. sign the Artemis Accords in promising peaceful exploration of deep space.

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What Is NASA Going to Announce About the Moon?

what is nasa going to announce about the moon?

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On Wednesday afternoon, NASA interrupted the daily news cycle’s perpetual scroll of doom with some fun news: a “major announcement” is coming—about the moon! The announcement, the space agency said, would arrive the afternoon of Monday, October 26, giving everyone the opportunity to daydream about might be coming.
Whatever it is, this news is especially exciting for Texans, since the moon is spiritually—if not geographically—a part of our great state. Legend has it that the first word spoken on the moon, as former Texas governor Rick Perry was fond of pointing out, was “Houston,” after all. (That story might not be entirely true, but we are sticking with it.) NASA’s home during its heyday was right here, after all, and the speech in which Kennedy announced the American moon shot was made at Rice Stadium. The moon rocks collected during the Apollo 11 mission reside in Houston, and the “capcom” astronauts the flight crew spoke with were talking to them from Johnson Space Center.
What other state could lay claim to the moon? Do not say Florida. There is no evidence of moon alligators.
With all of this in mind, we’ve allowed our imaginations to run …

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Opinion | Why Joe Biden needs a Trump space policy

opinion | why joe biden needs a trump space policy

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Northrup Grumman’s Antares rocket is poised for launch at the NASA Wallops test flight facility Thursday, Oct. 1, 2020. | Steve Helber/ AP Photo

Space is by definition a long term commitment. But an examination of U.S. space policy reveals a stunning lack of continuity between presidential administrations.
President George W. Bush aspired to return to the Moon by 2020 in his “Vision for Space Exploration’. Barack Obama changed that by stating ‘been there, done that’ and instead focused on landing a spacecraft on an asteroid. And the Trump Administration reverted the U.S. program back to the “Moon to Mars” vision, in large part as a reaction to China’s mission to the far side of the moon.

The major advantage China has over the U.S. is its ability to focus on long term goals. Soon after it landed its probe on the far side of the moon the China National Space Administration announced plans to establish a permanent lunar research base by 2036.

To compete the U.S. requires its own long term commitment to ensure that resources and policies are locked in to support a sustained commitment to space goals that likely won’t be realized for ten to twenty years .

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